IPA vs RPA: Similarities and Differences

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Here are the similarities and differences between IPA and RPA


Intelligent Process Automation (IPA) and Robotic Process Automation (RPA) relieve employees of the burden of mundane and repetitive duties, allowing them to focus on more creative and inventive tasks. Today, we’ll look at the similarities and differences between IPA and RPA. We will start by defining each term before moving on to the similarities and differences.  


What is IPA?


Intelligent process automation (IPA) is a digital solution for operations and maintenance business processes that use technologies like natural language processing (NLP), artificial intelligence (AI), robotic process automation (RPA), machine learning (ML) and perceptive document understanding to make it possible. Robotic process automation (RPA) is a technology for automating normal and repetitive customer care operations. IPA uses artificial intelligence technology to imitate human intellect, giving the tools and techniques necessary to accomplish high-functioning activities requiring thinking, judgement, decision-making, and analysis. This technology solution is essential because it allows personnel, such as customer service representatives, to spend more time conversing with consumers and building relationships.  


IPA Examples


Companies can concentrate their attention on more essential company activities thanks to intelligent automation. In the end, IPA saves time, and we all know that time is money. Let’s look at some instances of IPA in action in various sectors.  




Intelligent automation software can sift through reams of structured data and recommend therapy or diagnosis based on criteria like medical history or symptoms. What a doctor would spend hours researching takes a computer merely seconds. This frees up doctors and other healthcare workers to spend more time with patients rather than combing through medical research resources.  


Intelligent Virtual Assistant Market


Businesses are increasingly turning to sophisticated virtual assistants in place of chatbots (IVAs). IVAs employ IPA to begin human-like dialogues, whereas typical chatbots use scripts to simulate human conversations and interactions. IVAs can use natural language processing to accurately answer queries for which they have not been trained or programmed. They utilise deep learning and machine learning to grasp colloquial formulations, expand their vocabulary, and respond to client questions accurately. With informed and genuine interactions, IVAs provide a good client experience.  


Employee Onboarding and Offboarding


Onboarding and offboarding are operations that can take a long time and involve a lot of staff effort. While paperwork, certification, payment systems, and getting resignation letters are all relatively easy activities, they may be time-consuming and tiresome. These procedures, on the other hand, maybe simplified and executed in a timely and error-free way using IPA. Employees may focus their energies elsewhere, leaving the hard job to the machines.  

Inventory Control


Traditional inventory control frequently necessitates time-consuming and labour-intensive manual processes. Companies no longer depend on inventory workers to accomplish technological activities like writing invoices and issuing work orders thanks to clever automation. Automated inventory control systems, on the other hand, employ IPA to handle back-office activities including inventory monitoring, shipping and fulfilment, supply chains, and more.  

What Is RPA?


Robotic process automation (RPA) is a term that refers to programmes, scripts, or software that automates simple, repetitive, rule-based operations that are time-consuming to complete manually. RPA not only saves labour expenses but also eliminates human error. These “robots” are designed to carry out certain duties in a precise and self-contained manner. They are capable of retrieving data, analysing unstructured data, processing transactions, and even communicating with other digital systems. Manufacturing, commerce, healthcare, supplier management, and HR services were among the first sectors to use RPA technology, but now organisations from many industries utilise it.  


RPA Examples


Many RPA use cases exist across several sectors that might benefit from automation to free some workers’ time for creative tasks. The RPA examples below are some of the most frequent ways robotic process automation is used.  

Payroll Processing


Throughout the year, payroll processing necessitates numerous phases of human work. Fortunately, RPA systems may automate tasks like generating pay stubs, calculating costs and deductions, organising and storing critical data, and generating yearly reports. Payroll processing automation relieves the stress of understanding complicated tax regulations while also lowering expenses and increasing productivity and accuracy.  


Web Analytics


To better understand their consumers, all businesses rely on the capacity to analyse massive volumes of behavioural data online. Web analytics software that is fully automated can correctly anticipate customer behaviour, allowing businesses to sell products and services solely on this new data. This not only leads to more revenue, but also to a better user experience.  


Credit Card Applications


RPA technology is used to process the majority of credit card applications in financial organisations. The software is set up to gather data, evaluate documents, perform credit and security checks, and then decide whether or not to give a credit card to an individual.


Patient Registration


Every day, hospitals visit a large number of patients, and regular monitoring of all of their data manually may be time-consuming and tiresome. Patient registration, on the other hand, maybe sped up with the use of automation tools. IPA robots are capable of guiding patients through the registration procedure and providing them with all necessary information. Inpatient registration automation reduces the risk of human mistakes, improves quality, and saves time.  


IPA vs RPA: Major Difference


IPA is frequently confused with RPA, although the two are not the same. RPA can be implemented on IPA systems, although it is not required for RPA to work. RPA refers to technology tools and procedures that automate and finish time-consuming operations considerably more quickly than people. These activities are frequently rule-based, repetitious, and straightforward. Because the systems are built to carefully obey a set of rules, RPA can be troublesome at times. For example, if a client enters inaccurate information, the system will be unable to perform the operation. This is where clever automation enters the picture. When RPA is no longer enough, IPA is used to finish complicated procedures utilising AI reasoning and decision-making approaches.  




With the boiling rivalry in mind, the development of advanced job automation technologies has risen, and it is anticipated to climb much more in the future years. Beyond the confines of standard business process management. IPA software is intended to help processes with more than just operations management. Starting with locating and eliminating performance bottlenecks. Advanced analytics are used by the smart process automation software. This aids in the analysis of overall performance, the comprehension of ever-changing market structure, and the formulation of appropriate plans.